Here's a list of the new rules of the road coming into effect Friday

Changes to Quebec's Highway Safety Code, as outlined in Bill 165, came into effect Friday. Here's a list of what you'll need to be aware of from now on.

There are plenty of new rules for cyclists and drivers, particularly young drivers:

Cyclists

  • When encountering a red light and an activated pedestrian light, cyclists are allowed to continue on their way. In this case, they must stop, give priority to pedestrians and proceed at a reasonable and prudent speed.
  • Cyclists are no longer required to signal their intentions to slow down or stop. However, they must continue to signal their intentions to turn, but they are no longer required to do so if it endangers their safety.
  • Fines for offences committed by cyclists have increased. They are now $80 to $100.
  • Alternative measures are permitted to substitute for reflectors on parts of a bicycle such as pedals and spokes. Trailers pulled by bicycles must be equipped with reflectors.
  • Cyclists can ride: as close as possible to the edge or right side of the roadway, taking into account the condition of the roadway and the risk of car dooring; between two rows of vehicles when there is a right turn lane.
  • A municipality may, by means of signage, allow cyclists to ride on the sidewalk. In this case, they must then proceed at a reasonable and prudent speed, and give priority to pedestrians.
  • Cyclists can ride on the shoulder in the same direction as traffic.
  • It is prohibited to ride a bicycle when a passenger, animal or object is placed so as to obstruct the view of the cyclist or to hinder their operation.
  • A cyclist who is approaching a bus or minibus used for the transportation of schoolchildren, whose flashing lights are activated or whose stop arm is deployed, must stop at a distance of more than 5 m from the vehicle.

Motorists

  • The range of fines for not wearing a seat belt is now $200 to $300.
  • A vehicle covered with any material, such as snow or ice, which may become detached and is likely to be dangerous, may not travel on a public road.
  • A modified or hand-crafted vehicle may not be driven on a public road without prior verification by the SAAQ and the owner having obtained a verification certificate issued by the SAAQ.
  • When equipment installed on a vehicle obstructs the original lights or headlights, auxiliary lights or headlights must be added.
  • Drivers of road vehicles must slow down and respect a safe distance when passing a cyclist. This distance is 1.5 m on roads where the limit is more than 50 km/h and 1 m on roads where the limit is 50 km/h or less. The distance to be respected when passing applies when the cyclist is riding on the road, on the shoulder or in a bicycle lane that is not separated by a median.
  • Drivers of road vehicles must maintain a safety corridor when they pass or come upon a group of escorted participants, including a group of cyclists or pedestrians whose activity has been authorized. Passing such a group can only occur if a peace officer authorizes it or if a lane in the same direction is available.
  • The range of fines for failing to signal intentions on the road is now $100 to $200.
  • The fine for drivers of road vehicles that do not obey the orders of a flagman, a crossing guard or a peace officer is doubled. The range of fines is now $200 to $400. The number of demerit points increases from 3 to 4.
  • Drivers of a passenger vehicle with a learner’s licence may not drive a passenger vehicle from midnight to 5 a.m. The penalties set out in the Code are a fine ranging from $200 to $300 and 4 demerit points.
  • Drivers aged 19 or under, who hold a probationary licence, are limited in the number of passengers aged 19 or under who can be transported between midnight and 5 a.m. The limits apply only during the first 12 months of driving following the issuance of the driver's licence. Some exceptions are allowed. The penalties set out in the Code are a fine ranging from $200 to $300 and 4 demerit points.
  • Anyone who contravenes the use of a parking space reserved for a rechargeable electric vehicle is liable to a fine of $100 to $200. The range of fines for a contravention of the use of a parking space reserved for disabled persons is now $200 to $300.
  • Drivers of road vehicles must slow down and maintain a distance of 1.5 m on roads where the limit is more than 50 km/h and 1 m on roads where the limit is 50 km/h or less between their vehicle and a pedestrian on the roadway or on the shoulder.
  • At a pedestrian crossing, pedestrians have priority as soon as they show their intention to engage.

Motorcyclists

  • Drivers of motorcycles and mopeds cannot lane split.
  • The driver of a motorcycle must wear personal eye protection. The range of fines for not wearing a helmet will now be $200 to $300.
  • Motorcycle drivers with a learner’s licence may not drive a motorcycle from midnight to 5 a.m. The penalties set out in the Code are a fine ranging from $200 to $300 and 4 demerit points.
  •  Motorcycle drivers with a learner’s licence are no longer required to be accompanied.
  • A child requiring a booster seat or restraint system may not be seated in a low-speed vehicle or in the side car of a motorcycle.

You can find a full list of all the changes here.